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Referencing: Home

About this guide

Please note that the examples given throughout this guide are in Harvard style, which is the most commonly used referencing style at QMU. These are illustrative of how to cite and reference. 

Referencing at QMU

There are many different referencing styles. Most subjects at QMU ask you to use the Harvard referencing style.

From September 2021 onwards, we are no longer using the QMU institutional style of referencing for assignments and are moving to the standard Harvard and APA styles. For guidance, please see the online resource Cite Them Right Online (QMU login required).

APA 7th Referencing

Some programmes ask you to reference using APA 7th style (e.g. Psychology, and Speech and Language Therapy). If you are asked to use APA for assignments, consult Cite Them Right to make sure you are citing and referencing in the correct style rather than copying from examples within this guide, which are in the Harvard style.

Academic Year 2021/22 onward

Referencing Tutorial

Academic Year 2020/21 (and resits/completing PhDs)

It is essential you follow the guidelines in your course handbook or assignment guidelines.

All undergraduate students and masters students are expected to follow Cite Them Right for Harvard or APA style.

The guides below are only for students resitting or completing doctoral theses who have chosen to continue using QMU Write and Cite.