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Referencing at QMU
There are many different referencing styles. Most subjects at QMU ask you to use the Harvard referencing style. Some courses ask you to use APA (e.g. Psychology, and Speech and Language Therapy).
From September 2021 onwards, we are no longer using the QMU institutional style of referencing for assignments and are moving to the standard Harvard and APA styles. For guidance, please see the online resource Cite Them Right Online (QMU login required).
About this guide
Please note that the examples given throughout this guide are in Harvard style, which is the most commonly used referencing style at QMU. These are illustrative of how to cite and reference, but if you are asked to use APA for assignments, consult Cite Them Right to make sure you are citing and referencing in the correct style rather than copying from examples within this guide.
Academic Year 2020/21 (and resits/completing PhDs)
It is essential you follow the guidelines in your course handbook or assignment guidelines.
Do not use Write and Cite for assignments for modules in academic year 2021/2 onwards. Use Cite Them Right.
Academic Year 2021/22 onward
Cite Them Right
Cite them right is a comprehensive guide to referencing almost anything you will come across in the course of your studies or research.
There are two main ways to find what you're looking for:
Search - use the search field on the homepage, or in the top right corner of the site, to look for the type of source you want to reference. You can then filter the results by referencing style.
Browse - use the menu navigation to see what's available on Cite them right. Clicking on a category will reveal the types of sources in that category. There may be a subcategory to help you refine what you're looking for. You can find information on the principles of referencing under the 'basics' tab.
On the menu navigation you will also see an 'index' tab which will display a complete list of all of the content available on Cite them right.
Why referencing and citation is important and how to do it well
Find out about the principles behind referencing and how to acknowledge the information sources that you use. This tutorial is made-up of 11 short, self-contained topics, which you can explore and revisit at any time.
- What is referencing and why it matters
- What sources are appropriate to reference
- How to avoid plagiarism
- How to insert citations into your text
- Incorporating the work of others into your writing
- Documenting the full reference details