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Referencing: Home

Referencing at QMU

There are many different referencing styles. Most subjects at QMU ask you to use the Harvard referencing style. Some courses ask you to use APA (e.g. Psychology, and Speech and Language Therapy).

From September 2021 onwards, we are no longer using the QMU institutional style of referencing for assignments and are moving to the standard Harvard and APA styles. For guidance, please see the online resource Cite Them Right Online (QMU login required).

About this guide

Please note that the examples given throughout this guide are in Harvard style, which is the most commonly used referencing style at QMU. These are illustrative of how to cite and reference, but if you are asked to use APA for assignments, consult Cite Them Right to make sure you are citing and referencing in the correct style rather than copying from examples within this guide.

Academic Year 2020/21 (and resits/completing PhDs)

It is essential you follow the guidelines in your course handbook or assignment guidelines.

Do not use Write and Cite for assignments for modules in academic year 2021/2 onwards. Use Cite Them Right.

Academic Year 2021/22 onward

Referencing Tutorial